Global Warming

Global Warming
Day by day we feel our earth is getting warmer and warmer and our seas are getting closer and further inland primarily due to the phenomenon called global warming Global warming is a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants. The problem with the Earth’s temperature is that this causes major problems to our environment and to us on a daily basis. The higher temperature is causes our large polar icecaps to melt which will ultimately lead to an increase in sea levels and will also cause certain species of animals to lose their natural habitat. According to leading experts in this field it is believed that by 2035 the Himalayas will completely melt and projected rise in sea level will swamp more than 10,000 islands, displacing human communities and wiping many unique species off the face of the earth. Result of excessive human activity is resulting in the release of greenhouse gases to an alarming proportion without an equal effort to combat this catastrophe.This frightening scenario can be reduced by relying on renewable sources of energy to help reduce the earth’s temperature.

The heating of our planet affects us greatly. The effects we may experience may be in the form of hotter days. In Melbourne the average temperature in summer since 2005 has increased by over 2 degrees. Ultimately, the heating of our environment will cause Antarctica, Artic, Himalayas and most of the other polar ice caps to melt around the world. At least 18 islands have submerged around the world due to rising sea levels just some of them are Lohachara, India housing 10,000 residents, Bedford, Kabasgadi and Suparibhanga islands near India housing 6,000 families and half of Bangladesh’s Bhola Island permanently flooded which had the population of 500,000 people. The melting of these icecaps in the times to come will not only reduce our fresh water supply but also increase sea levels. The rising sea levels will impact coastal cities and endanger more than a billion people all over the world. Asia will be the most affected continent with most of its population living in low-lying coastal regions. During the course of this century some of these areas could be inundated by the rising water levels. The inhabitants will be forced to find ways of coping with the rising sea water or to abandon some areas altogether.

Global warming is attributed to the release of greenhouse gases which include 82% Carbon dioxide and Methane. These gases hold heat in the atmosphere and in turn increase the temperature of our planet. Carbon dioxide is created mainly through the burning fossil fuels. When fossil fuels are burned they release carbon dioxide into our atmosphere. There is a way to reduce this gas in the air and that is by relying on renewable sources of energy to generate electricity. By using renewable energy we do not have to sacrifice our way of living and we can minimize the burden on our planet. Renewable energy is energy which we can get from nature; these forms of energy include the sun, water, wind and geothermal energy which will enable the reduction of carbon dioxide in our environment. This is not a new technology but people have been using this form of energy for years. Wind turbines have been used near farms to generate energy for farms in remote areas. In countries such as Alaska people use geothermal energy to produce there electricity which has proven to be a very effective solution to countries who do not have options of multiple renewable sources of energy. Individuals too can contribute towards the reduction of these gases by installing solar panels. There is no doubt that some action has been taken by households and some countries to reduce global warming but the action needs to be at the global level in which all countries all over the world are involved and work together to develop methods which can combat global warming.

Ultimately, this issue has been plaguing us for the past couple of decades but stringent methods have not been adopted by countries worldwide. There are examples of countries trying to lower their carbon emissions such as the recent China and U.S treaty which is a step in the right direction to reduce greenhouse emissions. The world at large has not taken major efforts to reduce global warming due to the fact that measures are half heartedly taken and leading countries still do not see the urgency of this growing problem. If steps are not taken soon to deal with this problem then the temperature of our planet will keep on increasing to the point that we will have to take drastic actions in the future if we want to still save our planet. Nations around the world have to band together and reduce carbon emissions and create projects to reduce carbon emissions and use more renewable energy so that in the long term it will benefit all of us in nurturing our planet.

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